• Badr Ratnakaran Dr. Kunhalu's Nursing Home, Ernakulam, Kerala, India


Author Biography

Badr Ratnakaran, Dr. Kunhalu's Nursing Home, Ernakulam, Kerala, India

Consultant Psychiatrist


Cape GS. Addiction, stigma and movies. Acta Psychiatr Scand 2003; 107:163–9.

Cape G. Movies as a vehicle to teach addiction medicine. Int Rev Psychiatry 2009; 21:213–7.

Hersey C. Script(ing) Treatment: Representations of Recovery from Addiction in Hollywood Film. Contemp Drug Probl 2005; 32:467–93.

Balasubrahmanya K. Nee-Na. Kerala Journal of Psychiatry. 2015; 28:216–8.

Krishna S, Sreehari KG. A Study on the Depiction of Substance Usage in Contemporary Malayalam Cinema. Imperial Journal of Interdisciplinary Research 2016; 2:735-41.

Urbanoski KA. Coerced addiction treatment: Client perspectives and the implications of their neglect. Harm Reduct J 2010; 7:13.

Caplan AL. Ethical issues surrounding forced, mandated, or coerced treatment. J Subst Abuse Treat 2006; 31:117–20.

The Indian Evidence Act, 1872 [Internet]. Kerala Medico-Legal Society; [cited 2016 Oct 9]. Available from:

The Indian Contract Act [Internet]. District Courts Chandigarh; [cited 2016 Oct 9]. Available from:

Hanewinkel R, Sargent JD, Hunt K, Sweeting H, Engels RCME, Scholte RHJ, et al. Portrayal of alcohol consumption in movies and drinking initiation in low-risk adolescents. Pediatrics 2014; 133:973–82.

Waylen A, Leary S, Ness A, Sargent J. Alcohol use in films and adolescent alcohol use. Pediatrics 2015; 135:851–8.




How to Cite

Ratnakaran, B. (2016). Pavada. Kerala Journal of Psychiatry, 29(1), 83–86.



Movie Review