How to Cite

Ratnakaran, B. (2016). Pavada. Kerala Journal of Psychiatry , 29(1), 83-86.


Cape GS. Addiction, stigma and movies. Acta Psychiatr Scand 2003; 107:163–9.

Cape G. Movies as a vehicle to teach addiction medicine. Int Rev Psychiatry 2009; 21:213–7.

Hersey C. Script(ing) Treatment: Representations of Recovery from Addiction in Hollywood Film. Contemp Drug Probl 2005; 32:467–93.

Balasubrahmanya K. Nee-Na. Kerala Journal of Psychiatry. 2015; 28:216–8.

Krishna S, Sreehari KG. A Study on the Depiction of Substance Usage in Contemporary Malayalam Cinema. Imperial Journal of Interdisciplinary Research 2016; 2:735-41.

Urbanoski KA. Coerced addiction treatment: Client perspectives and the implications of their neglect. Harm Reduct J 2010; 7:13.

Caplan AL. Ethical issues surrounding forced, mandated, or coerced treatment. J Subst Abuse Treat 2006; 31:117–20.

The Indian Evidence Act, 1872 [Internet]. Kerala Medico-Legal Society; [cited 2016 Oct 9]. Available from:

The Indian Contract Act [Internet]. District Courts Chandigarh; [cited 2016 Oct 9]. Available from:

Hanewinkel R, Sargent JD, Hunt K, Sweeting H, Engels RCME, Scholte RHJ, et al. Portrayal of alcohol consumption in movies and drinking initiation in low-risk adolescents. Pediatrics 2014; 133:973–82.

Waylen A, Leary S, Ness A, Sargent J. Alcohol use in films and adolescent alcohol use. Pediatrics 2015; 135:851–8.