Mental Health Problems among Medical Students during COVID-19 Lockdown: A Cross- Sectional Study
Keywords:COVID-19, medical students, mental health
Background: COVID-19, which originated in China, became a pandemic affecting more than 180 countries. By April 2020, India had announced lockdown in an attempt to control the spread of the virus. Lack of social interaction and apprehension about the studies had created emotional disturbances among medical students. Methods: The study was done in a medical college situated in Central Travancore, Kerala, between 2020 April 20 to May 31. Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS) and Impact Event Scale-Revised (IES-R) were administered in Google forms to the MBBS batch WhatsApp groups. Results: Out of 320 responses from medical students, 239 were females, and 82 were male students. 56% of male students and 54% of female students have mild to severe depressive symptoms, 58% of male students and 54% of female students have symptoms of anxiety, and 63% of male students and 50% of female students experienced mild to severe stress.68% of males and 62% of females have higher Impact events scale. Conclusion: There is a high prevalence of anxiety and depression among medical students during the COVID lockdown period. There is a significant difference between genders in scores of anxiety, stress and impact of events. This shows the need for resilience training among medical students.
Deepak Nathiya D, Singh P, Suman S, Raj P, Tomar BS. Mental health problems and impact on youth minds during the COVID-19 outbreak: Cross-sectional (RED-COVID) survey. Social Health and Behavior. 2020 July 1;3(3):83.
Liang L, Ren H, Cao R, Hu Y, Qin Z, Li C, Mei S. The effect of COVID-19 on youth mental health. Psychiatric quarterly. 2020 Sep;91(3):841-52.
Gao J, Zheng P, Jia Y, Chen H, Mao Y, Chen S et al. Mental health problems and social media exposure during COVID-19 outbreak. PloS one. 2020 Apr 16;15(4):e0231924.
Horowitz M, Wilner N, Alvarez W. Impact of Event Scale: a measure of subjective stress. Psychosom Med. 1979 May;41(3):209-18.
Lovibond P: Overview of the DASS and Its Uses. Retrieved from: http://www2.psy.unsw. edu.au/dass/over.htm.
Lyons Z, Wilcox H, Leung L, Dearsley O. COVID-19 and the mental well-being of Australian medical students: impact, concerns and coping strategies used. Australasian Psychiatry. 2020 Dec;28(6):649-52
Kumar A, Kumar A, Sharma D, Sharma S, Bansal R, Shukla A et al. Ahmad S. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development. 2020 Oct;11(10):82-87
Torun F, Torun SD. The psychological impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on medical students in Turkey. Pakistan journal of medical sciences. 2020 Sep;36(6):1355.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Kerala Journal of Psychiatry
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.