Towards More Effective CME Programs




Ameen, S. What makes CME programs effective? Kerala Journal of Psychiatry 2016; 29(1): 1-9.

Al-Jarallah K, Premadasa IG. Guidelines to CME organizers. Kuwait Institute for Medical Specialization [monograph on the internet]. Kuwait: Kuwait Institute for Medical Specialization; 2003 [cited 2016 November 28]. Available from:

Jennett PA, Laxdal OE. Assessing educational needs in medical practice: Guidelines for the CME planning committee member. Can Fam Physician 1984; 30:1917-22.

Neufeld VR. Current concepts in continuing medical education: An overview for clinicians. Ann R Coll Physicians Surg Can 1983; 16:223-7.

Atwood HM, Ellis J. The concept of need -An analysis for adult education. Adult Leadership 1971; 19:210-2, 244.

Slotnick HB. How doctors learn: physicians’ self-directed learning episodes. Acad Med 74;1106-17.

National Association for Continuing Education [Internet]. Guidelines for needs assessments; c2014 [cited 2016 November 16]. Available from:

Grol R, Wensing M. What drives change? Barriers to and incentives for achieving evidence-based practice. Medical J Aust 2004; 180: S57-60.

Davis DA, Thompson MA, Oxman AD, Haynes B. Changing physician performance: a systematic review of the effect of continuing medical education strategies. JAMA 1995; 274:700-5.

Kolb DA. Experiential Learning. Chicago: Prentice Hall; 1984.

Sivertson SE, Meyer TC, Hansen R, Schoenenberger A. Individual physician profile: Continuing education related to medical practice. J Med Educ 1973; 48:1006-12.

Perol D, Boissel JP, Broussolle C, Cetre JC, Stagnara J, Chauvin F. A simple tool to evoke physicians’ real training needs. Acad Med 2002; 77:407-10.

Norman GR, Shannon SI, Marrin ML. The need for needs assessment in continuing medical education. BMJ 2004; 328(7446):999-1001.

Sibley JC, Sackett DL, Neufeld V, Gerrard B, Rudnick KV, Fraser W. A randomized trial of continuing medical education. N Engl J Med 1982; 306:511-5.

Tracey J, Arroll B, Barham P, Richmond D. The validity of general practitioners’ self assessment of knowledge: cross sectional study. BMJ 1997; 315:1426-8.

Davis N, Davis D, Bloch R. Continuing medical education: AMEE Education Guide No 35. Med Teach 2008; 30:652–66.

Grant J, Stanton F. The effectiveness of continuing professional development: A report for the Chief Medical Officer’s review of continuing professional development in practice. Edinburgh: Association for the Study of Medical Education; 1999.

Fish D, Cole C. Learning through the critical appreciation of practice. Massachusetts: Butterworth-Heinmann; 1998.

Parry NM. The needs assessment in continuing medical education. Medical Writing 2014; 23(2):125-8.

Grant J, Chambers E. The good CPD guide: A practical guide to managed CPD. London: Joint Centre for Education in Medicine; 1999.

Canadian Family Medicine. Educational Objectives for Certification in Family Medicine. Willoivdale: The College of Family Physicians of Canada; 1980.

McMillan SS, King M, Tully MP. How to use the nominal group and Delphi techniques. Int J of Clin Pharm 2016; 5:1-8.

Patel VL, Cranton PA. Transfer of student learning in medical education. J Med Educ 1983; 58:126-35.

Abrahamson S, Baron J, Elstein AS, Hammond WP, Holzman GB, Marlow B, et al. Continuing medical education for life: eight principles. Acad Med 1999; 74(12):1288-94.

Connors AF, Dawson NV, Desbiens NA, Fulkerson WJ, Goldman L, Knaus WA, et al. A controlled trial to improve care for seriously iII hospitalized patients: The study to understand prognoses and preferences for outcomes and risks of treatments (SUPPORT). JAMA 1995; 274(20):1591-8.

Elstein AS, Christensen C, Cottrell JJ, Polson A, Ng M. Effects of prognosis, perceived benefit, and decision style on decision making and critical care on decision making in critical care. Crit Care Med 1999; 27(1):58-65.

Cauffman JG, Forsyth RA, Clark VA, Foster JP, Martin KJ, Lapsys FX, et al. Randomized controlled trials of continuing medical education: what makes them most effective? J Contin Educ Health Prof 2002;22(4):214-21.

Newble DA. Handbook for medical teachers. Boston: MTP Press; 1981.

Grant J. CME: Its validation and outcome. In: Mansfield A, editor. CME and the Royal College of Surgeons. Abstracts of the 1st Conference held at the Royal Society of Medicine: ‘British Continuing Medical Education: a Framework for the Future’ (4th and 5th July). 1994.

Balmer JT. The transformation of continuing medical education (CME) in the United States. Adv Med Educ Pract 2013; 4:171-82.

Muroff LR. The anatomy of an outstanding CME meeting. J Am Coll Radiol 2005; 2(6):534-40.

Davis D, Galbraith R. Continuing medical education effect on practice performance: effectiveness of continuing medical education: American College of Chest Physicians Evidence-Based Educational Guidelines. Chest 2009; 135:42S-48S.

Lewis CE. Continuing medical education: past, present, and future. West J Med 1998; 168:334-40.

Mazmanian PE, Galbraith RG, Miller SH, Schyve PM, Kopelow M, Thompson JN, et al. Accreditation, certification and licensure: how six general competencies are influencing education and patient care. J Med Lic Disc 2008; 94(1):8-14.

Ahmed K, Wang TT, Ashrafian H, Layer GT. The effectiveness of continuing medical education for specialist recertification. Can Urol Assoc J 2013; 7(7-8):266-72.

Siddiqui JS. Continuous professional development of medical doctors in Pakistan: Practices, motivation and barriers, research impacts: Proving or improving? Fremantle: The Australian Association for Research in Education (AARE); 2007.

American Association of Family Physicians [Internet]. Member CME Requirements. [cited 2016 November 28]. Available from:




How to Cite

Ameen, S. (2016). Towards More Effective CME Programs. Kerala Journal of Psychiatry, 30(1), 1–8.