Subcortical band heterotopia and pachygyria with cognitive deterioration in an elderly patient

Authors

  • Surendran Kalambattumadathil Surabhi Junior Resident in Psychiatry, Government Medical College, Kozhikode, Kerala
  • Anithakumari Ayirolimeethal Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Government Medical College, Kozhikode, Kerala
  • Pankajakshan Vijayanthi Indu Additional Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Government Medical College, Kozhikode, Kerala

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.30834/KJP.34.1.2021.269

Keywords:

subcortical band heterotopia, Pachygyria, Seizure disorder, Intellectual disability, cognitive decline

Abstract

Subcortical band heterotopia and pachygyria are rare conditions characterized by ectopic neuronal migration, leading to the appearance of "continuous double cortex appearance" and loss of normal convolutions of the cortex, respectively on neuroimaging. They usually present in childhood with disorders of muscle tone, craniofacial dysmorphism, refractory seizures, intellectual disability and feeding disturbances. Patients with such presentations have lowered life expectancy, but many mild cases survive till adulthood. Here we report subcortical band heterotopia and pachygyria – an incidental finding – in the case of an elderly lady with intellectual disability and seizure disorder, who presented with recent onset of cognitive decline and behavioural symptoms.

References

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Published

2021-06-06

How to Cite

Surabhi, . S. K., Ayirolimeethal, A. ., & Indu, P. V. (2021). Subcortical band heterotopia and pachygyria with cognitive deterioration in an elderly patient. Kerala Journal of Psychiatry, 34(1), 68–71. https://doi.org/10.30834/KJP.34.1.2021.269

Issue

Section

Case Report