Delinquent behaviour and emotional intelligence among inmates of juvenile homes in Kerala, India


  • Ganga G Kaimal Government Medical College, Kottayam
  • K. Vidhukumar Govt. Medical College, Ernakulam
  • M S Razeena Padmam Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam



delinquent Behaviour, emotional Intelligence, juvenile Homes


Background: Delinquent behaviour represents a wide variety of law and norm violating behaviours by children. In India, statistics show that there is an increase in the rates of crimes committed by children. Methods: The sample of the study consisted of 100 adolescents from juvenile homes. Personal data sheet, Delinquent behaviour checklist, and Mangal Emotional Intelligence Inventory were the study tools. Mann-Whitney U test was carried out to find the association between delinquent behaviour and emotional intelligence among the inmates of juvenile homes. Results: Delinquent behaviour is found in 38% of children living in Juvenile homes. No significant difference is found between boys and girls in delinquent behaviour and emotional intelligence. A negative association is found between delinquent behaviour and emotional intelligence in the inmates of juvenile homes. Conclusion: Delinquent behaviour is found to be high among inmates of juvenile homes. A significant association was found between delinquent behaviour and emotional intelligence. Both nature and nurture are important in the development of emotional intelligence. Opportunities and training for the development and improvement of psychological faculties like emotional intelligence may impact the prevention and management of delinquent behaviour among children.


Satpathy C. Child Welfare Policies and Programmes in India [Internet]. 2012 [cited 28 July 2020]. Available from:

Crime in India 2019 [Internet]. 2020 [cited 26 December 2020]. Available from:

Bartol C, Bartol A. Criminal Behaviour: A Psychological approach. 9th ed. NJ: Pearson Education Limited; 2011.

Murray J, Farrington D. Risk Factors for Conduct Disorder and Delinquency: Key Findings from Longitudinal Studies. The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. 2010;55(10):633-42.

Massetti G, Vivolo A, Brookmeyer K, DeGue S, Holland K, Holt M et al. Preventing Youth Violence Perpetration Among Girls. Journal of Women's Health. 2011;20(10):1415-28.

Lösel F, Farrington D. Direct Protective and Buffering Protective Factors in the Development of Youth Violence. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2012;43(2): S8-S23.

Jayaprakash R, Rajamohanan K, Anil P. Determinants of symptom profile and severity of conduct disorder in a tertiary level pediatric care set up: A pilot study. Indian J Psychiatry. 2014;56:330-6.

Dória G, Antoniuk S, Assumpção Junior F, Fajardo D, Ehlke M. Delinquency and association with behavioral disorders and substance abuse. Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira. 2015;61(1):51-57.

Sevecke K, Franke S, Kosson D, Krischer M. Emotional dysregulation and trauma predicting psychopathy dimensions in female and male juvenile offenders. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health. 2016;10:43

Sathyanarayana Rao T. Criminal behavior: A dispassionate look at parental disciplinary practices. Indian Journal of Psychiatry. 2007;49(4):231.

García-Sancho E, Salguero J, Fernández-Berrocal P. Ability emotional intelligence and its relation to aggression across time and age groups. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology. 2016;58(1):43-51.

Kahn R, Ermer E, Salovey P, Kiehl K. Emotional Intelligence and Callous–Unemotional Traits in Incarcerated Adolescents. Child Psychiatry & Human Development. 2016;47(6):903-17.

Curci A, Soleti E, Manuti A. Preliminary Data on the Role of Emotional Intelligence in Mediating the Relationship Between Psychopathic Characteristics and

Detention Terms of Property Offenders. Journal of Forensic Sciences. 2017;62(5):1357-1359.

Hayes J, O'Reilly G. Emotional intelligence, mental health and juvenile delinquency. Cork: Juvenile Mental Health Matters; 2007. Retrieved 18 March 2018, from:

Aspan N, Vida P, Gadoros J, Halasz J. Conduct Symptoms and Emotion Recognition in Adolescent Boys with Externalisation Problems. The Scientific World Journal. 2013;2013:1-6.

Berastegui C, van Leeuwen N, Chabrol H. Relations entre intelligence émotionnelle, alexithymie et comportements délinquants de type interpersonnel dans un échantillon d’adolescents scolarisés. L'Encéphale. 2012;38(5):426-432.

Lanciano T, Curci A, Guglielmi F, Soleti E, Grattagliano I. Preliminary Data on the Role of Emotional Intelligence in Moderating the Link between Psychopathy and Aggression in a Nonforensic Sample. Journal of Forensic Sciences. 2017;63(3):906-10.

Erol N, Simsek Z, Münir K. Mental health of adolescents reared in institutional care in Turkey: challenges and hope in the twenty-first century. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. 2009;19(2):113-124.

Grogan-Kaylor A, Ruffolo M, Ortega R, Clarke J. Behaviors of youth involved in the child welfare system. Child Abuse & Neglect. 2008;32(1):35-49.

Kumari S. A Cross-Sectional Study of Aggression among School Adolescents in Karnataka, India. Indian Journal of Youth and Adolescent Health [Internet]. 2018;04(04):4-9.

Pal R, Dasgupta A, Tsering D. Substance use among adolescent high school students in India: A survey of knowledge, attitude, and opinion. Journal of Pharmacy And Bioallied Sciences. 2010;2(2):137.

Na K, Lee S, Hong H, Oh M, Bahn G, Ha K et al. The influence of unsupervised time on elementary school children at high risk for inattention and problem behaviors. 2014;38(6):1120-27

Winiarski D, Schechter J, Brennan P, Foster S, Cunningham P, Whitmore E. Adolescent Physiological and Behavioral Patterns of Emotion Dysregulation Predict Multisystemic Therapy Response. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders. 2016;25(3):131-42.

Reavy R, Stein L, Paiva A, Quina K, Rossi J. Validation of the delinquent activities scale for incarcerated adolescents. Addictive Behaviors. 2012;37(7):875-79.

Mangal K, Mangal S. (2004). Manual for Mangal emotional intelligence inventory. Agra: National Psychological Corporation.

Mayer J, Salovey P, Caruso D. Emotional Intelligence: Theory, Findings, and Implications. Psychological Inquiry. 2004;15(3):197-215.

Ermer E, Kahn R, Salovey P, Kiehl K. Emotional intelligence in incarcerated men with psychopathic traits. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 2012;103(1):194-204.

Sharma N, Prakash O, Sengar K, Chaudhury S, Singh A. The relation between emotional intelligence and criminal behavior: A study among convicted criminals. Industrial Psychiatry Journal. 2015;24(1):54.

Kim J, Cicchetti D. Longitudinal pathways linking child maltreatment, emotion regulation, peer relations, and psychopathology. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 2009;51(6):706-716.

Benarous X, Guilé J, Consoli A, Cohen D. A systematic review of the evidence for impaired cognitive theory of mind in maltreated children. Frontiers in Psychiatry. 2015;6.

Heleniak C, Jenness J, Stoep A, McCauley E, McLaughlin K. Childhood Maltreatment Exposure and Disruptions in Emotion Regulation: A Transdiagnostic Pathway to Adolescent Internalizing and Externalizing Psychopathology. Cognitive Therapy and Research. 2016;40(3):394-415.

Faye A, Kalra G, Swamy R, Shukla A, Subramanyam A, Kamath R. Study of emotional intelligence and empathy in medical postgraduates. Indian Journal of Psychiatry. 2011;53(2):140-4.

McLaughlin K, Hatzenbuehler M, Mennin D, Nolen-Hoeksema S. Emotion dysregulation and adolescent psychopathology: A prospective study. Behaviour Research and Therapy. 2011;49(9):544-54.

Checa P, Fernández-Berrocal P. The Role of Intelligence Quotient and Emotional Intelligence in Cognitive Control Processes. Frontiers in Psychology. 2015;6:1853.

Ravikumar R, Rajoura O, Sharma R, Bhatia M. A Study of Emotional Intelligence Among Postgraduate Medical Students in Delhi. Cureus. 2017;. 9(1):e989




How to Cite

Kaimal, G. G., Vidhukumar, K., & Razeena Padmam, M. S. . (2021). Delinquent behaviour and emotional intelligence among inmates of juvenile homes in Kerala, India. Kerala Journal of Psychiatry, 34(1), 7–12.



Research Report