Effect of a Stress Reduction Programme on Academic Stress and Coping Skills of First Year Medical Students


Personality, academic stress, adjustment style, Stress management, negative coping.

How to Cite

Premnath, A., Sivan, S., Velayudhan, R., MS, S., & TM, R. (2020). Effect of a Stress Reduction Programme on Academic Stress and Coping Skills of First Year Medical Students. Kerala Journal of Psychiatry , 33(1), 27-33. https://doi.org/10.30834/KJP.33.1.2020.187


Background: Medical students, especially in the first year of their college life, are under stress. Materials and Methods: Study was conducted on 100 first year medical students. The students were given a semi-structured questionnaire to collect sociodemographic data; they were subsequently administered the Academic Stress Scale and the Adjustment Style Inventory. Then a Structured Stress management session was conducted for them, and they were made to practice many stress coping skills for three weeks, following which the questionnaires were re-administered and data collected. The data were analysed with the chi-square test, independent-sample t-test, paired t-test and Pearson’s correlation.

Results: The academic stress and coping scores showed no difference among both sexes. The academic stress score showed a negative correlation with coping scale (p= 0.019). There was a significant reduction in the academic stress score post-intervention (p<0.001). The scores of adjustment styles also showed a significant improvement, and there was a significant improvement in the total adjustment style score and negative coping score post-intervention (p<0.001). The positive coping score, however, did not show a significant change.

Conclusion: Stress management programmes are effective in reducing academic stress and adjustment styles. The students tend to reduce negative coping skills and better manage stress, post-intervention.




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