Kerala Journal of Psychiatry http://kjponline.com/index.php/kjp Official Publication of Indian Psychiatric Society (Kerala Branch) en-US kumarv68@gmail.com (Dr. K Vidhukumar) Mon, 30 Sep 2019 15:22:28 +0000 OJS 3.1.1.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 A Comparative study of impulsivity, lethality and intent among patients attempting suicide by self-immolation and poisoning http://kjponline.com/index.php/kjp/article/view/165 <p><strong>Background: </strong>Suicide is one of the top ten leading causes of death in the world as well as India. Poisoning is one of the most common modes of attempting suicide. Self-immolation is a devastating form of suicide attempt. Impulsivity has been demonstrated as an important risk factor for suicide. Lethality and intent were found to be interrelated in previous studies. But a comparative study of impulsivity, lethality and intent between self-immolation and poisoning was not found in a literature search.</p> <p><strong>Objectives:</strong></p> <ol> <li>To compare socio-demographic characteristics, impulsivity, intent and lethality in those who attempt suicide by self-immolation and poisoning.</li> <li>To find the intercorrelations between intent, impulsivity and lethality.</li> </ol> <p><strong>Methods: </strong>A cross-sectional comparative study was done among persons attempting suicide by self-immolation (n=40) and poisoning (n=50). Barratt's impulsivity scale, Smith's LSARS (lethality of suicide attempt rating scale) and Beck's suicide intent scale were used to assess impulsivity, lethality and intent, respectively. Percentages, mean, median and range were used to describe the data. Chi-square test, t-test and Pearson correlation were used for statistical analysis.</p> <p><strong>Results and discussion: </strong>There were significant associations between occupation, family income and socioeconomic status and mode of suicide attempt. Lethality was higher in self-immolation. Lethality and intent were significantly intercorrelated in both groups. Impulsivity and lethality were negatively correlated in the self-immolation group.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>Self-immolation is a highly lethal method of attempting suicide. Highly lethal suicide attempts have high intent. Greater the impulsivity, less lethal the attempt is likely to be.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> Namita Nazeer, Harish M Tharayil, Varsha Vidyadharan ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 http://kjponline.com/index.php/kjp/article/view/165 Mon, 30 Sep 2019 15:20:38 +0000 Posterior Circulation Stroke –presenting as Psychotic disorder http://kjponline.com/index.php/kjp/article/view/162 <p>The prevalence of posterior circulation stroke is less reported compared to anterior circulation stroke, accounting for one fourth of all ischemic strokes. It commonly presents with neurological deficits like visual deficits, vertigo and sensory-motor deficits rather than merely psychiatric symptoms. Nonetheless, there could be comorbid psychiatric symptoms associated with it. A rare presentation of posterior circulation stroke presenting with psychosis as a primary symptom without any neurological deficit is discussed.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Dilshana Nafisa, K Priya Nayak, Safeekh A T ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 http://kjponline.com/index.php/kjp/article/view/162 Thu, 17 Oct 2019 12:48:21 +0000