Unusual/unconventional psychoactive substances of abuse

  • Anil Kakunje Professor and Head, Department of Psychiatry, Yenepoya Medical College, Mangalore
  • Ganesh Kini Asst Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Yenepoya Medical College, Mangalore
  • Shashwsth Sathyanath Asst Professor, Dept of Psychiatry, Yenepoya Medical College, Mangalore
  • Mohan Chandran V V Emeritus Professor,Dept of Psychiatry, Yenepoya Medical College, Mangalore
Keywords: Unconventional, unusual psychoactive substances, psychoactive fauna


The use of unconventional substances of abuse has not been reported in detail in medical literature. The users have found such new ways when encountered with non availability of substance of abuse or lack of money. They also invented new routes of administration and different patterns of using them. The ‘high’ experienced from it incite them to continue this practice. Unconventional substances of abuse could drag the attention of mankind and always created curiosity among the readers. Here we are reporting two cases with psychoactive fauna usage in unusual ways.


Kautilya DV, Bhodka P. Abuse of psychoactive Fauna to get a High - A review of the past & present. Anil Aggrawal's Internet Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, 2013;14(1). http://www.anilaggrawal.com/ij/vol_014_no_001/papers/paper012.html

Chahal S, Singh P, Gupta R. Lizard as psychoactive fauna: An unconventional addiction. Int J Med Sci Public Health 2016; 5(4):1517-18.

Orsolini L, Ciccarese M, Papanti D, De Berardis D Guirguis A Corkery J M et al. Psychedelic Fauna for Psychonaut Hunters: A Mini-Review. Front Psychiatry. 2018; 9:153.

Roshan B, Atul A, Prabhoo D. The lizard: an unconventional psychoactive substance? J Subst Use. Early Online: 2014; 21 (2):113-14

Garg M, Sidhu BS, Raj R. Addiction to lizard: A rare case report. Indian J Psychiatry 2014; 56(2): 206.

Sarkhel S, Praharaj SK, Sinha VK. Does Lizard Tail Lacing Heighten Cannabis Addiction? Am J Addict, 2011; 20 (2): 181.

Varghese ST, Balhara Y, Mondal A. Unconventional substances of abuse: Scorpions and lizards. J Postgrad Med 2006; 52:325-6.